Patient Education

What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?

What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?

Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder characterized most commonly by cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. IBS causes a great deal of discomfort and distress, but it does not permanently harm the intestines and does not lead to a serious disease, such as cancer. Most people can control their symptoms with diet, stress management, and prescribed medications. For some...

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Who is at risk for Colorectal Cancer?

Who is at risk for Colorectal Cancer?

Every one of us is at risk for colorectal cancer. Over 100,000 Americans will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer in 2008. The majority of people who develop colorectal cancer have no known risk factors. Although the exact cause of colorectal cancer is not known, there are some factors that increase a person’s risk of developing the disease. These include: Age. The risk of developing...

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Why is screening for Colon Cancer effective?

Why is screening for Colon Cancer effective?

According to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), colonoscopy remains the most effective screening option for colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy is widely accepted as the best method for colon cancer screening because it allows the trained physician to thoroughly evaluate the entire colon. Colonoscopy has a high detection rate for polyps, including small lesions, and the...

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Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a more serious form of gastroesophageal reflux (GER), which is common. GER occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) opens spontaneously, for varying periods of time, or does not close properly and stomach contents rise up into the esophagus. GER is also called acid reflux or acid regurgitation, because digestive juices—called acids—rise up...

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What is an Ulcer?

What is an Ulcer?

Peptic ulcer disease refers to painful sores or ulcers in the lining of thestomach or first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum. What Causes Ulcers? No single cause has been found for ulcers. However, it is now clear that an ulcer is the end result of an imbalance between digestive fluids in the stomach and duodenum. Ulcers can be caused by: Infection with a type of bacteria called...

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What is an Hiatal Hernia?

What is an Hiatal Hernia?

Any time an internal body part pushes into an area where it doesn’t belong, it’s called a hernia. The hiatus is an opening in the diaphragm — the muscular wall separating the chest cavity from the abdomen. Normally, the esophagus (food pipe) goes through the hiatus and attaches to the stomach. In a hiatal hernia (also called hiatus hernia) the stomach bulges up into the chest...

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